Chrysoprase

Chrysoprase is a gemstone variety of Chalcedony, given a gorgeous apple green colouration by the inclusion of Nickel.

Chrysoprase is often used for jewellery making, or as a decorative object. It is found around the world, in various qualities and shades of green.

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Appearance, Uses and History

Chrysoprase is one of the most valuable variants of Chalcedony, a cryptocrystalline variety of Quartz.

It is tremendously popular in Asia, possibly due to the popularity of Jade and Jadeite – both green stones.

The green of Chrysoprase is generally quite ‘flat’, solid colouration with few markings, tones, and inclusions. Some pieces do have a green-yellow or green-blue tone but these are less common and not often used.

 


Locales

Locales for Chrysoprase include Australia, Brazil, Germany, Kazakhstan, Madagascar, Russia, and the USA – with the Australian pieces typically considered the highest quality.


Mineralogy

Chemistry
A gemstone variety of Chalcedony with inclusions of Nickel.
Colours and Variations
Pale green to Apple green to Nickel green. Sometimes with a yellow or blue tinge, less common.
Streak
White
Luster
Greasy, waxy
Fracture
Conchoidal, granular
Crystal habit
Often massive, or as veins in rock.
Mohs hardness
6.5 – 7.0
Specific Gravity
2.55 – 2.95
Easiest testing method
Common Treatments
Sometimes artificially created by treating grey chalcedony with acid, Chromium, and/or Nickel.
Sometimes dyed to improve colour.

Photos of Chrysoprase

Chrysoprase (Australia) 1
Chrysoprase (Queensland, Australia) 1 (32132827260)
Chryzopras Polsko

Chrysopraz-tumble polished stone
Chryzopraz - Szklary, Poland.
V and A Museum snuffbox 28072013 08

Hazards and Warnings

Chrysoprase contains Nickel, which is a common allergen, usually by skin contact.

Almost all rocks, minerals (and, frankly, almost all other substances on earth) can produce toxic dust when cutting, which can cause serious respiratory conditions including silicosis.

When cutting or polishing rocks, minerals, shells, etc, all work should be done wet to minimise the dust, and a suitable respirator or extraction system should be used.


Translations

Arabic:

  • کریزوپراز

Hindi:

Portuguese:

  • crisoprase

Bengali:

Indonesian:

Punjabi:

  • ਕ੍ਰਾਈਸੋਪਰੇਸ

English:

Italian:

Russian:

  • хризопраз

French:

Japanese:

  • クリソプレーズ

Spanish:

  • crisoprasa

German:

  • Chrysopras

Korean:

  • 크리 소프 라세

Thai:

Gujurati:

Mandarin and Traditional Chinese:

  • 金绿素酶

Urdu:

  • کریسوپراز
  • کریزوپراز

Further Reading / External Links